Niruban Projoth T, Dr. R. Jeyapaul


Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a strategic approach used by businesses to include social and environmental considerations into their operational practices and engagements with various stakeholders. In the context of India, Education Development Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives involve firms dedicating resources to enhance educational accessibility, quality, and equity. These initiatives often involve funding infrastructure projects, providing scholarships, implementing skill development programs, and supporting educational institutions. Through CSR in education, corporations aim to address societal challenges, contribute to human capital development, and foster sustainable socio-economic growth. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives play a crucial role in addressing societal challenges, particularly in the realm of education development. In India, where disparities in educational access and quality persist, CSR efforts by corporations have gained significance. The study provides a comprehensive analysis of CSR initiatives aimed at education development in India. It examines the various approaches adopted by corporations, the impact of these initiatives on educational outcomes, and the challenges faced in implementation. Through a thorough review of literature, case studies, and empirical evidence, the analysis sheds light on the effectiveness and sustainability of CSR interventions in the education sector. It offers insights into best practices, emerging trends, and policy implications to enhance the contribution of CSR towards realizing educational equity and quality in India.

Keyword : CSR, Education, strategies, challenges, development

Published in Issue
May 09, 2024
Abstract Views
PDF Downloads
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


1. Abbarno, G. J. M. (2001). Huckstering in the classroom: Limits to corporate social responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 32, 179-189 2. Aswani, J., Chidambaran, N. K., & Hasan, I. (2021). Who benefits from mandatory CSR? Evidence from the Indian Companies Act 2013. Emerging Markets Review, 46, 100753 3. Bag, A., & Dutta, C. (2021). Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) on Education in India: An Analysis of Post Companies Act, 2013 Era. In Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Practices (pp. 147-162). Apple Academic Press 4. Barnett, M. L., Henriques, I., & Husted, B. W. (2020). Beyond good intentions: Designing CSR initiatives for greater social impact. Journal of Management, 46(6), 937-964 5. Berad, D. N. (2011). Corporate social responsibility–issues and challenges in India. Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing, ISSN, 1548-6583 6. Bihari, A., & Shajahan, P. K. (2023). Changing CSR practices of corporate–a study of institutionalization of mandated corporate social responsibility in India. International Journal of Law and Management, 65(2), 105-124. 7. Bindhu, D. (2021). Role of NGOs in Implementation of CSR Activities in India. International Journal of Management, Technology and Social Sciences (IJMTS), 6(2), 100-107 8. Burgos, J., & Carnero, M. C. (2020). Assessment of social responsibility in education in secondary schools. Sustainability, 12(12), 4849 9. Chaudhri, V., & Kaul, A. (2022). CSR in the Community: Implications for Communication, Development, and Engagement. In The Rutledge Handbook of Corporate Social Responsibility Communication (pp. 323-332). Rutledge 10. Chitimira, H., Hamadziripi, F., & Mopipi, K. N. (2022). Reconceptualising the focus of corporate social responsibility initiatives to address the digital divide in South Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic. Perspectives of Law and Public Administration, 11(2), 294-305. 11. Faucher, R. C. (2022). Stakeholder Theory & Corporate Social Responsibility In Spain 12. Fusheini, K., Tuuli, M. M., & Salia, H. (2023). Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Effect on Teaching and Learning: Evidence from an Emerging Economy. International Journal of Innovation in Teaching and Learning (IJITL), 9(1), 1-1 13. García Villena, E., Gracia Villar, S., Dzul López, L. A., Álvarez, R. M., Delgado Noya, I., & Luís Vidal Mazón, J. (2021). Approach to a project framework in the environment of sustainability and corporate social responsibility (CSR): Case study of a training proposal to a group of students in a higher education institution. Sustainability, 13(19), 1088 14. Gautam, R., & Singh, A. (2010). Corporate social responsibility practices in India: A study of top 500 companies. Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal, 2(1), 41-5 15. Graafland, J., & Zhang, L. (2014). Corporate social responsibility in C hina: implementation and challenges. Business Ethics: A European Review, 23(1), 34-49 16. Hatipoglu, B., Ertuna, B., & Salman, D. (2019). Corporate social responsibility in tourism as a tool for sustainable development: An evaluation from a community perspective. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 31(6), 2358-2375 17. Heslin, P. A., & Ochoa, J. D. (2008). Understanding and developing strategic corporate social responsibility. Organizational Dynamics, 37, 125-144 18. Ismail, F., Kadir, A. A., Ngateni, N. A., & Al Hosani, A. A. H. H. (2023). Corporate Social Responsibility And Human Resource Development Interventions. RES MILITARIS, 13(1), 3672-368 19. Jain, R., & Winner, L. H. (2016). CSR and sustainability reporting practices of top companies in India. Corporate Communications: An International Journal, 21(1), 36-55 20. Jamali, D. (2007). The case for strategic corporate social responsibility in developing countries. Business and Society Review, 112(1), 1-27 21. James, L. (2012). Prospects of CSR: An overview of 500 Indian companies. The IUP Journal of Corporate Governance, 11(4), 55-68 22. Jarmusevica, V., Ilisko, D., Badjanova, J., Jukšs, V., & Petrova, M. (2019). Educating citizens for implementing the strategy of corporate social responsibility for sustainable regional development: the case study. In EDULEARN19 Proceedings (pp. 10449-10454). IATED 23. Jayaraman, A., D’souza, V., & Ghoshal, T. (2018). NGO–business collaboration following the Indian CSR Bill 2013: trust-building collaborative social sector partnerships. Development in Practice, 28(6), 831-841 24. Jumde, A. (2021). The law on CSR in India: An analysis of its compliance by companies through corporate disclosures. Journal of Corporate Law Studies, 21(1), 253-282 25. Kappo-Abidemi, C., & Kanayo, O. (2020). Higher education institutions and corporate social responsibility: Triple bottomline as a conceptual framework for community development. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 8(2), 110 26. Khandelwal, M. R., & Bakshi, M. S. (2014). The new CSR regulation in India: the way forward. Procedia Economics and Finance, 11, 60-67 27. Khuong, M. N., Truong An, N. K., & Thanh Hang, T. T. (2021). Stakeholders and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programme as key sustainable development strategies to promote corporate reputation—evidence from vietnam. Cogent Business & Management, 8(1), 1917333 28. Kouatli, I. (2019). The contemporary definition of university social responsibility with quantifiable sustainability. Social responsibility journal, 15(7), 888-90 29. Kumar, K., & Naveen, K. (2016). An Integrated CSR and Social Entrepreneurship Model for Rural Education in India. Journal of Applied Management-Jidnyasa, 36-42 30. Masum, A., Aziz, H. H. H. A. A., & Hassan, M. (2020). Corporate social responsibility and its effect on community development: An overview. J. Account. Sci, 22, 35-40 31. Mehta, S. R. (2011). Corporate social responsibility (CSR) and universities: Towards an integrative approach. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, 1(4), 300 32. Mishra, G. (2013). Reflecting responsible initiatives for successful CSR in context of higher education institutions. Journal of Business Management & Social Sciences Research, 2(6), 36-42 33. Mital, K. M. (2011). Role of Business Schools in Promoting CSR as a Positive Force for Social Development. Globalizing Management Education, 3 34. Moratis, L., Hoff, J., & Reul, B. (2006). A dual challenge facing management education: Simulation‐based learning and learning about CSR. Journal of Management Development, 25(3), 213-23 35. Narayan, P. S., Lal, N. K., Dutta, A., Mehta, T., Majumdar, A., Madhavan, A., ... & Sheel, R. (2012). Corporate social responsibility: Practice, theory, and challenges. Vikalpa, 37(2), 73-116 36. Narwal, M., & Singh, R. (2013). Corporate social responsibility practices in India: a comparative study of MNCs and Indian companies. Social Responsibility Journal, 9(3), 465-478 37. Nehru, R. S. S. (2016). Corporate social responsibility & education for sustainable development. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT and Scientific Research, 2(3), 72-8 38. Pless, N. M., Maak, T., & Stahl, G. K. (2012). Promoting corporate social responsibility and sustainable development through management development: What can be learned from international service learning programs?. Human resource management, 51(6), 873-903 39. Ramboarisata, L., & Gendron, C. (2019). Beyond moral righteousness: The challenges of non-utilitarian ethics, CSR, and sustainability education. The International Journal of Management Education, 17(3), 100321 40. Reddy, Y. S. (2021). Transforming lives through education: A CSR case study of SRF foundation. In Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Development (pp. 206-226). Rutledge India 41. Rowan, B., Camburn, E., & Barnes, C. (2004). Benefiting from comprehensive school reform: A review of research on CSR implementation. Putting the pieces together: Lessons from comprehensive school reform research, 1-52 42. Sadasivan, A. (2018). Expanding the scope of corporate social responsibility (CSR): Strategizing skill development in the Indian scenario. Artha Journal of Social Sciences, 17(2), 21-3 43. Satapathy, J., & Paltasingh, T. (2019). CSR in India: a journey from compassion to commitment. Asian Journal of Business Ethics, 8(2), 225-240 44. Sengupta, M. (2017). Impact of CSR on education sector. Corporate Social Responsibility in India: Cases and Developments After the Legal Mandate, 33-5 45. Sengupta, M., & Mitra, N. (2020). Role of CSR in Education: Special Emphasis on India. Essential Issues in Corporate Social Responsibility: New Insights and Recent Issues, 73-8 46. Sethi, R., Singh, A., & Sharma, B.(2020) Corporate Social Responsibility: Road Map for Early Childhood Care and Development. THEME: Early Childhood Development on the Global Agenda: Giving all children equal opportunities for lifelong learning, health and success, 1 47. Sharma, A., & Kiran, R. (2012). Corporate social responsibility initiatives of major companies of India with focus on health, education and environment. African Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 4(3), 95-105 48. Sharma, D. N. K. (2018). An analysis of corporate social responsibility in India. Available at SSRN 3676827. 49. Sharma, D., & Sharma, R. (2019). A review literature on university social responsibility initiatives in the global context. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research, 6(6), 27-35 50. Singh, A., & Verma, P. (2014). CSR@ 2%: A new model of corporate social responsibility in India. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 4(10) 51. Singh, S., Holvoet, N., & Pandey, V. (2018). Bridging sustainability and corporate social responsibility: Culture of monitoring and evaluation of CSR initiatives in India. Sustainability, 10(7), 235 52. Sinha, S. N., & Chaudhari, T. (2018). Impact of CSR on learning outcomes. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 29(6), 1026-104 53. Sitnikov, C. S., Bocean, C., & Tudor, S. (2017). Integrating new visions of education models and CSR 2.0 towards University Social Responsibility (USR). In CSR 2.0 and the New Era of Corporate Citizenship (pp. 251-273). IGI Global 54. Srinivasan, P., Srinivasan, V., & Anand, R. (2012). Status of ethics, corporate governance, CSR and environment education in business schools in India: An exploratory study. Corporate Governance, CSR and Environment Education in Business Schools in India: An Exploratory Study (April 15, 2012). IIM Bangalore Research Paper, (362) 55. Täuscher, K., & Abdelkafi, N. (2018). Scalability and robustness of business models for sustainability: A simulation experiment. Journal of Cleaner Production, 170, 654-66 56. Tewari, R. (2015). Information and technology sector–a champion in corporate social responsibility (CSR): myth or reality 57. Umesh, P., & Sivakumar, N. (2022). Stakeholder identification for CSR in secondary education in India: a mixed-method approach. International Journal of Indian Culture and Business Management, 25(2), 255-28 58. Varghese, R. M., & Supraja, C. S. (2016). CSR Initiatives for Children-Exploring the Practices in Selected Companies in India. Journal of Rural & Industrial Development, 4(1 59. Vasilescu, R., Barna, C., Epure, M., & Baicu, C. (2010). Developing university social responsibility: A model for the challenges of the new civil society. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 4177-4182 60. Verma, A., & Kumar, C. V. (2014). An analysis of CSR expenditure by Indian companies. Indian Journal of Corporate Governance, 7(2), 82-94 61. Verma, D. H., & Jain, N. (2019). CSR stipulations of Companies Act, 2013 and actual CSR expenditure by top Indian companies prior to its implementation: A comparative study. Available at SSRN 3453686 62. Visser, W. (2006). Revisiting Carroll’s CSR pyramid. Corporate citizenship in developing countries, 29-56 63. Visser, W., & Tolhurst, N. (Eds.). (2017). The world guide to CSR: A country-by-country analysis of corporate sustainability and responsibility. Rutledge 64. Momin, U. (2023). NREGA-Catalyst for Fostering Inclusive Growth. International Journal for Multidimensional Research Perspectives, 1(4), 63-72. 65. Momin, M. U. An Analysis of the Challenges and Opportunities Encountered by Small and Medium Enterprises (SMES) in the Context of the Indian Economy. 66. Momin, U., Mehak, S. T., & Kumar, M. D. (2023). Strategic Planning and Risk Management in the Stratup, Innovation and Entrepreneurship: Best Practices and Challenges. Journal of Informatics Education and Research, 3(2). 67. Mahajan, T., Momin, U., Khan, S., & Khan, H. ROLE OF WOMEN’S ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA. 68. Karn, A. L., Bagale, G. S., Kondamudi, B. R., Srivastava, D. K., Gupta, R. K., & Sengan, S. (2022). Measuring the determining factors of financial development of commercial banks in selected SAARC countries. Journal of Database Management (JDM), 33(1), 1-21. 69. Raj, K. B., Seth, J. K., Gulati, K., Choubey, S., & Patni, I. (2022, July). Automated Cyberstalking Classification using Social Media. In 2022 International Conference on Innovative Computing, Intelligent Communication and Smart Electrical Systems (ICSES) (pp. 1-6). IEEE. 70. Chaubey, P. K., Arora, T. K., Raj, K. B., Asha, G. R., Mishra, G., Guptav, S. C., ... & Alhassan, M. (2022). Sentiment Analysis of Image with Text Caption using Deep Learning Techniques. Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience, 2022. 71. Rajkumar, N., Sriram, V. P., Badrinarayanan, M. K., Raj, K. B., & Patel, R. (2022). A novel framework for the automated healthcare disaster based on intellectual machine learning. World Journal of Engineering, 20(5), 801-807. 72. Bhavana Raj, K. (2022). Industry 4.0: Smart Manufacturing in Industries‐The Future. Machine Learning and Data Science: Fundamentals and Applications, 67-74. 73. Reddy, S., & Raj, K. B. (2021). Security and Well-being in Tech-Savvy Urban Communities. In Interdisciplinary Research in Technology and Management (pp. 306-309). CRC Press. 74. Sanil, H. S., Singh, D., Raj, K. B., Choubey, S., Bhasin, N. K. K., Yadav, R., & Gulati, K. (2021). Role of machine learning in changing social and business eco-system–a qualitative study to explore the factors contributing to competitive advantage during COVID pandemic. World Journal of Engineering, 19(2), 238-243.